of Scotland, Glasgow
Much of the beauty of Scotland's
largest city had disappeared under years of smoke and grime, until
modern thinking restored the magnificent mix of Victorian elegance
and revolutionary Art Nouveau. Against this backdrop, the famed
art galleries and museums of Glasgow have ensured that its cultural
heritage now stands alongside Athens, Florence and Paris.
market founded 100 years ago, home to more than 1000 traders.
Built round wooded gardens,
this was the British starting point for the Monte Carlo Rally.
At No. 7 lived Madeleine Smith, accused in 1857 of poisoning her
lover in the most notorious of all Glasgow murder cases.
Up-market shopping street
gives glimpses of opulent past. Elegant 1827 glass-roofed Argyll
Arcade, 1891 Clvdesdale Bank made of multicoloured sandstone,
and replica of an 1851 pendulum swinging from atrium roof.
City's finest riverside
terrace. Restored Georgian buildings look out across public gardens.
Originally opened as
a music hall in 1878, now a listed building.
Massive 1888 Italian
Renaissance-style building with a 240f1 tower and opulent interiors
full of mosaics and maiolica. The banqueting hall has morals showing
the city's history.
Part of the Clyde Walkway,
designed to give new life to the riverside, enhanced by the suspension
bridge and a fine view across the river to Carlton Place.
Oldest of Glasgow's public
squares and heart of the city, named after George III. Laid out
at end of 18th century. Probably has more statues than any other
square in Scotland, including those of Queen Victoria, Prince
Albert, Sir Walter Scott, Robert Burns, William Gladstone, James
Watt and Sir Robert Peel.
Art Gallery and Museum
Britain's finest civic
collection of British and European art and a museum featuring
a famous array of European arms and armour, Egyptian archaeology
and an area devoted to Scottish wildlife.
Covering 40 acres, gardens
are famous for plant collections, especially begonias and orchids.
Imposing domed glasshouse, the Kibble Palace, houses National
Tree Ferns Collection. I herb garden and chronological border
showing when plants were first introduced to Britain.
Most complete survivor
of the great Gothic churches of south Scotland. Built on or near
site of church built in 6th century by St Mungo -- the founder
of Glasgow. Mainly 13th century, though a fragment dates from
late 12th century. Outstanding feature is the fan vaulting around
St Mungo's tomb in the crypt. Much fine work in choir, including
15th-century stone screen.
Topped by heraldic unicorn,
a 1929 replica of the medieval original where Bonnie Prince Charlie
was proclaimed Regent.
A public park since 12th
century. Bonnie Prince Charlie reviewed his troops here in 1745
after retreat from England. Monument to Lord Nelson erected 1806
is 144ft high. Memorial to engineer James Watt.
School of Art
Completed in 1907, the
master-piece of Charles Rennie Mackintosh who was responsible
for everything from the striking exteriors to the interior furniture
A visitor centre gives
tours around pinnacled Gothic buildings of this second-oldest
university in Scotland, founded 1451. Tower of the main building
has magnificent views of the city.
The Charles Rennie Mackintosh
collection has reconstructions of the architect's house fitted
with his own furniture. Main gallery includes Scottish paintings
from the 18th century to the present day, and Old Masters.
Glasgow's oldest museum,
opened in 1807, has a major coin collection going back 20(10 years,
a history of Glasgow University, fascinating archaeology and geology
displays, and a science and astronomy building.
One of the city's most
elegant buildings, founded in the 17th century by the brothers
George and Thomas Hutcheson, whose statues from the original hospital
adorns the facade.
A 'French Venetian' building
of 1877, with visitors' gallery.
Handsome 1874 building
with carved female figures supporting bow windows. Home of Glasgow
Chamber of Commerce and fine Merchants' Hall with ancient relics
and good stained glass.
All that remains of old
Merchants' House built 1651-9. Details in Gothic and Renaissance
style, rising in four towers to 164ft.
Europe's largest public
reference library has over one million volumes, including Celtic
literature, the history of the city and probably the world's largest
Robert Burns collection.
Cemetery of 1833 has
numerous tombs of illustrious Glaswegians and best view of cathedral.
Curved Victorian terraces
on a lofty site over Kelvingrove Park with fine views of the university,
the towering cranes of the Clyde and the Renfrewshire Hills.
building, completed in 1897 as a cultural centre for Glasgow's
East End. A social history museum with collections from 1175 to
the present day - covering the city's politics, industry, art
and popular culture. It has a purse and ring that belonged to
Mary, Queen of Scots, and an organ built by James Watt. Adjoining
Winter Garden is a conservatory housing palms, ferns and variety
of exotic plants.
Oldest house in city
built 1471, probably for priest in charge of nearby hospital.
Mary, Queen of Scots is thought to have staved here in 1566. Now
a museum with furniture and domestic displays dating from 1500
designed t827 by Archibald Elliott. Ionic portico on central block
linked to too symmetrical buildings by archways with Ionic columns.
Roman Catholic cathedral
built in 1816, one of the city's earliest examples of Gothic Revival-style
Impressive church built
in 1824. Graveyard contains ornate tombs of many notable citizens
including grave of David Dale, creator of New Lanark.
Gem of toytown architecture;
most striking station remaining from city's original underground
built in 1896, now a travel centre adjoining modem station.
Fine example of the work
of Alexander 'Greek' Thomson, built in his classical Grecian style
with magnificent Ionic porticoes, an elaborate tower and brightly
painted interior columns.
Street School Museum of Education
Two reconstructed classrooms in a former school designed by architect
Charles Rennie Mackintosh, which opened in 1906.
Originally the mansion
of 'Tobacco Lord' William Cunningham, built 1775. New building
designed by David Hamilton in 1832, adding massive portico and
clock tower. Handsome interior.
Exotic Victorian factory
designed in the style of the Doge's Palace in Venice with colourful
bricks and tiles, arches, pinnacles, turrets, and pointed windows.
Museum celebrating the
lives of ordinary people through the belongings of this tenement
flat's occupants from 1911 to 1965, which have been left undisturbed
in bedroom, parlour, kitchen and bathroom.
Fine Victorian theatre,
elegantly restored as home of Scottish Opera. Us
Seven storeys and 126ft
high; the sole remnant of a 1626 tolbooth. Emblems of St Mungo
and royalty decorate lintels.
Glasgow's only major
building by Robert Adam, opened 1794. Silk frieze in banqueting
hall shows work of city's historic trades.
Displays of every kind
of transport, from horse-drawn vehicles to fire engines and historic
Scot-tish locomotives. Reproduction of a typical 1938 Glasgow
street, a collection of model ships and a walk-in car showroom.
Forming an arch over
the pavement is the only remnant of a 1637 church, accidentally
burnt down in the late 18th century by drunken members of the
local Hell Fire Club. Church rebuilt behind.
Finest of a series designed
by Charles Rennie Mackintosh for caterer Miss Kate Cranston. Reopened
as a tearoom with reproduction Mackintosh furniture and restored
Art Nouveau decorations.